Corporate Governance

Corporate Governance 2017-03-16T22:01:00+00:00


Board of Directors Mandate

Introduction
This policy outlines the main corporate governance practices that are in place for the Company and to which both the Board collectively and the Directors individually are committed. The conduct of the Board is also governed by the Constitution, and, to the extent that the terms of the Constitution are inconsistent with this document, the Constitution is to prevail.

Function
The Board’s broad function is:
• Strategic direction;
• Leadership of the Group;
• Setting of financial targets;
• Monitoring of the implementation and execution of strategy and performance against financial targets;
• Appointment and overseeing of the performance of executive management

Powers
The Board has responsibility for the matters specified in section 1.2 above and, in addition to those matters reserved to it by law, reserves to itself the following matters and all power and authority in relation to those matters:
• Composition of the Board itself;
• Oversight of the Group including its control and accountability systems;
• Appointment and removal of the CEO;
• Appointment and the removal of the CFO and the Secretary;
• Reviewing and overseeing the operation of systems of risk management and internal compliance and control, codes of ethics and conduct, and legal and regulatory compliance;
• Monitoring senior management’s performance;
• Implementation of strategy;
• Approving of major capital expenditure, acquisitions and divestitures;
• Approving and monitoring financial and other reporting;
• Monitor relevant industry developments;
• Developing suitable key indicators of financial performance;
• Overall corporate governance of the Group; and
• Oversight of Committees.

Composition
The composition of the Board is determined according to the following principles:
• The Board must comprise members with a broad range of experience, expertise and skills relevant to the Group and its business.
• There must be at least three Directors.
• The number of Directors may be increased where the Board considers that additional expertise is required in specific areas.

Independence
(a) The Board has adopted the following definition of an Independent Director:
• An independent Director is one who is free from any interest and any business or other relationship which could, or could reasonably be perceived to materially interfere with the director’s ability to act with a view to the best interests of the company.
• The board does not consider that the independence can be assessed with reference to an arbitrary and set period of time.

(b) The Board will assess the Independence of each Director in the light of the interests disclosed by them. The Independence of Directors will be disclosed in the annual report.

Appointment and Retirement
(a) When a vacancy exists the Board will consider candidates identified having regard to:
• What may be appropriate for the Company and the Group;
• The skills, expertise and experience of the candidates;
• The mix of those skills, expertise and experience with those of the existing Directors; and
• Compatibility of the candidates with the Group and with the existing Directors.

(b) The Board then appoints the most suitable candidate who continues in office only until the next Annual Shareholder Meeting (“AGM”) and is then eligible for election.
(c) The terms and conditions of the appointment of all new members of the Board must be specified in a letter of appointment.
(d) Under the Constitution at least one third of all Directors, being the longest serving Directors, must retire at each AGM. Directors, excluding the CEO (if a Director), must also retire if a third AGM falls during the period in which they have held office. Retiring Directors are eligible to be re-elected.

Performance Review and Evaluation
(a) The performance of all other Directors is reviewed and assessed each year by the Chairman.
(b) The performance of the Chairman is reviewed and assessed each year by the other Directors.

Training and Advice
(a) Directors are provided with proper information in relation to the Company and the Group before accepting appointment.
(b) Each Director has the right to seek independent legal or other professional advice at the Company’s expense. Prior approval from the Chairman is required but may not be unreasonably withheld or delayed.

Meetings
(a) Board meetings are normally held monthly but will number not less than nine in any year.
(b) Papers for Board and Committee meetings are circulated in advance of the relevant meeting.

Secretary
The Secretary is accountable to the Board on all corporate governance matters and is responsible for monitoring that the Charter is duly followed and for coordinating the completion and dispatch of Board and Committee agenda and briefing materials.

Committees
(a) The Board may establish Committees to assist it in carrying out its function and will adopt a charter for each Committee established dealing with the scope of its responsibility and relevant administrative and procedural arrangements.
(b) The Committees established and subsisting at the date of this document are the following:
• Audit Committee; and
• Compensation Committee.

Ethical Standards and Values
(a) All Directors and all officers of the Group must act with the utmost integrity and objectivity.
(b) The Directors must comply with the Code of Ethics in the exercise of their duties.

Dealings in Securities
The Constitution permits Directors to acquire Securities. Company policy is disclosed in the Code for Securities Transactions.

Business Risks

(a) The Board has the responsibility for the maintenance of the strategy of the Company which includes the identification of significant business risks. The Board reviews the major risks affecting each business segment and develops strategies to mitigate these risks.
(b) Once a risk is identified, an action plan is instigated, and the Board is informed of the action plan proposed by management. The Board must approve the action plan. Corrective action is taken as soon as practicable.
(c) The CEO and CFO must each provide a statement to the Board with the half yearly and annual financial report to the effect that the Company’s risk management and internal compliance and control system is operating efficiently and effectively in all material respects.

Communication with Shareholders
The Board aims to ensure that Shareholders are informed of all major developments affecting the Group’s state of affairs. Information is communicated to Shareholders as follows:
(a) The Company’s continuous disclosure obligations are reviewed as a standing item on the agenda for each regular meeting of the Board.
(b) The annual report is distributed to all shareholders.
(c) Proposed major changes in the Group which may impact on share ownership rights and the removal and appointment of Directors are submitted to a vote of shareholders at an AGM. If resolutions are required to be put to Shareholders before the next AGM, a general meeting will be called. The Board encourages full participation of Shareholders at the AGM and at other general meetings.
(d) The external auditors will be requested to attend the AGM and be available to answer questions by Shareholders on the conduct of the audit and the preparation and content of the audit report.
(e) The half-yearly report contains summarized financial information and a review of the operations of the Group during the period.
(f) Information concerning the Company and the Group, including copies of announcements, the annual report, and quarterly reports, are made available to Shareholders and prospective investors in the Company on the Company’s website.
(g) The company issues a newsletter to shareholders at least once per annum.

Code Of Conduct For Transactions In Securities

Purpose
The legal duties placed on Directors and certain others in relation to transactions in the securities of the Company and certain other companies are onerous. The major issue concerns information that is Price-Sensitive or otherwise confidential.
The Board has adopted this policy governing dealings in Securities by Directors and certain others as detailed in this code.
Policy
(a) Directors and Senior Officers are not permitted to take advantage of any information that is not available to shareholders and the market.
(b) There is no constraining time limit for the purchase of shares.
(c) All share dealings by these officers are to be advised to the Company Secretary.

Persons Covered by this Code
This code applies to all Directors and to all executives and employees nominated by the Board. Persons nominated are to include the following:
(a) All Directors and all officers of the Company including the CEO;
(b) Key executives including the CFO and any director of a subsidiary of the Company;
(c) Members of corporate staff who have access to Group results.

Securities Covered by this Code
(a) This code applies to all Securities including but not limited to ordinary shares, preference shares, debentures, convertible notes and options.
(b) This code does not apply to any acquisition of Securities as part of a new issue or dividend reinvestment plan where the issue is available pro rata to all holders of Securities of the relevant class.

Families and Trusts
Persons to whom this code applies must not trade through any member of their family, or through a trust or company over which they have influence or control, in circumstances where they would have been prohibited from trading in their own name.

Code Of Ethics And Values

Objective
The objective of this code is to give the Directors a guide to be followed in performing their duties with a view to enabling them to achieve the highest possible standards in the discharge of their obligations.

Obligation
A Director has an obligation, at all times, to comply with the spirit and the principles of this code as well as the law.

General Duties
Directors must:
• Act in good faith in the best interests of the Company and for a proper purpose;
• Act in the interests of all shareholders and to avoid any potential conflict of interest;
• Exercise a reasonable degree of care and diligence;
• Not make improper use of information; and
• Not make improper use of their position.

The Act requires directors to act honestly and with a reasonable degree of care and diligence in the exercise of their powers and duties and the discharge of their duties.
The Company maintains directors’ and officers’ liability insurance. Directors should ensure that they are fully aware of the terms of this insurance so as to be able to qualify for protection under it.

Business Judgment Rule
(a) A director’s duty to act with care and diligence will be taken to be satisfied where the director:
• Makes a judgment in good faith and for a proper purpose;
• Has no material personal interest in the subject-matter of the judgment made;
• Is informed about the subject-matter of the judgment to the extent the director reasonably believes to be appropriate; and
• Rationally believes the judgment to be in the best interest of the company.

(b) The business judgment rule:
• Relates only to decisions about the ordinary business operations of the company; and
• Does not relieve a director from other fiduciary duties (over and above those owed as a director) such as to act in good faith, not to misuse the position of director, not to make improper use of confidential information, and to prevent insolvent trading.

(c) A business judgment is any decision to take or not to take action in respect of a matter relevant to the business operations of the company; it does not apply to any failure to take a decision.

Decision-making
A Director must be independent in judgment and actions and must take all reasonable steps to be satisfied as to the soundness of all decisions taken by the Board.
In order to satisfy this requirement a Director must:
• Make a reasonable effort to become and remain familiar with the affairs of the Group;
• Attend all Board meetings and Board functions unless there are valid reasons for non¬attendance; and
• Commit the necessary time and energy to Board matters to ensure that they are contributing their best endeavors in the performance of their duties for the benefit of the Group without placing undue reliance on other Directors to fulfill those duties.

Directors should rely on advice relating to Company or the Group or their affairs only where that advice is given or prepared by:
• An employee whom the Director believes on reasonable grounds to be reliable and competent in relation to the matters concerned;
• A professional adviser or expert in relation to matters that the Director believes on reasonable grounds to be within the person’s professional or expert competence;
• Another Director or officer in relation to matters within that Director’s or officer’s authority; or
• A Committee (on which the Director did not serve) in relation to matters within the Committee’s authority.

And should only rely on such information or advice if:
• The Director’s reliance was made in good faith, and after making an independent assessment of the information and advice, having regard to the Director’s knowledge of the Company and Group and the complexity of their structure and operations; and
• The reasonableness of the reliance arose in proceedings brought to determine whether the Director performed his or her duties under the Corporations Act 2001 or the common law.

Confidentiality
Directors must observe confidentiality regarding all Board matters and all confidential information received by a Director in the course of the exercise of their duties.
(a) All information received by a Director in the course of fulfilling Board duties must be regarded as confidential and remains the property of the Company.
(b) A Director may not disclose information, or allow it to be disclosed, to any other person unless that disclosure has been authorised by the Company or is required by law to be disclosed.
(c) Authorization by the Company will be presumed where and to the extent that Board or Committee minutes convey, either expressly or implicitly, that it is intended that disclosure should be made to third parties.
(d) Any Director in any doubt as to their obligations of confidentiality or in relation to any matter of disclosure should consult with the Chairman prior to making any disclosure.

Improper Use of Information
A Director must not make improper use of information acquired as a Director.

Co-operation
Directors must observe solidarity with the resolutions of the Board and co-operate in their implementation.

Personal Interests and Conflicts
A Director must not take improper advantage of their position as a Director.
No Director may allow any personal interest, or the interest of any associated person, to influence or prejudice their conduct or any Board or Committee decision.

Conduct
A Director must not engage in conduct likely to bring discredit upon the Company or the Group.
Each Director must be and remain aware of, and observe, any standing orders adopted by the Board from time to time for the conduct of Board and committee meetings.
Directors must at all times comply with the spirit as well as the letter of the law and with the principles of this code.

Audit Committee Charter

Purpose
The Audit Committee has been established by the Board to assist with the following:
(a) Independently verify and safeguard the integrity of the company’s financial reporting; and
(b) Oversee the independence of the external auditors.

Scope of Responsibility
The Committee has responsibility for the following:
(a) Monitoring the establishment of an appropriate internal control framework;
(b) Monitoring corporate risk assessment and compliance with internal controls;
(c) Overseeing business continuity planning and risk mitigation arrangements;
(d) Reviewing reports on any material defalcations, frauds and thefts from the Group;
(e) Monitoring compliance with relevant legislative and regulatory requirements (including continuous disclosure obligations) and declarations by the Secretary in relation to those requirements;
(f) Reviewing the nomination, performance and independence of the external auditors;
(g) Liaising with the external auditors and ensuring that the annual audit is conducted in an effective manner that is consistent with Committee members’ information and knowledge and is adequate for shareholder needs;
(h) Reviewing management processes supporting external reporting;
(i) Reviewing financial statements and other financial information distributed externally; and
(j) Reviewing external audit reports to ensure that, where major deficiencies or breakdowns in controls or procedures have been identified, appropriate and prompt remedial action is taken by management.

Powers
(a) The Committee has an advisory role, consistent with its purpose of assisting the Board in relation to the matters with which it is charged with responsibility, and does not have any power to commit the Board to any recommendation or decision made by it except for matters relating to the appointment, oversight, remuneration and replacement of the external auditors.

(b) The Committee has unrestricted access to management and the external auditors as it may consider appropriate for the proper performance of its function.

Composition and Structure
The Audit Committee consists of the Board of Directors and the Company Secretary with the non-executive director being the Chairman. Whilst the ASX Corporate Governance Council recommendation that the Audit Committee should consist of at least three members, all of whom are non-executive directors the Board is of the view that to meet this recommendation a change to the board structure would be required which due to the size of the company would be an unnecessary expense for the company and its shareholders.

Proceedings
(a) Meetings are held at least four times during each year and more often as required.
(b) The external auditor is invited to attend meetings, or specific parts of meetings, at the discretion of the Committee.
(c) Business is considered as the Committee may determine, with additional items of business considered as appropriate.

Standing Rules Of Committees

Application
These rules apply to, and are deemed incorporated into the Charter of each Committee, except insofar as they may conflict with any of its terms.

Composition
(b) Each Committee must consist of no fewer than two members.
(b) Committees are appointed by the Board and serve as determined by the Board. One member of any Committee is appointed to act as its chairman.

Role
Each Committee has the role of improving the efficiency of the Board through accepting the delegation of tasks and performing them in a forum where they can receive greater attention to detail than would be practical solely at Board level.

Proceedings
(a) Any meeting may be held by means of conference call or any other means of communication that may, under the Act or the Constitution, be used for Board meetings.
(b) The quorum for any meeting is two members.
(c) Any Director may attend (but not vote at) a meeting of a Committee of which that Director is not a member.
(d) Any Committee may delegate any specific task to one of its members or to a sub-committee.

Reporting
Any Committee reports to the Board following each Committee meeting with a copy of the minutes or by way of written report.

Secretary
The Secretary is accountable to the Board, through the Chairman, on all corporate governance matters and is responsible for monitoring that the Charter is duly followed and for coordinating the completion and dispatch of Committee agenda and briefing materials.

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Compensation Committee Charter

Purpose
The role of the Committee is to advise on remuneration and issues relevant to remuneration policies and practices for senior management.

Scope of Responsibility
(a) The Committee has responsibility for the following:
• Reviewing and evaluating market practices and trends in relation to remuneration relevant to the Group;
• Reviewing and making recommendations to the Board in relation to the Group’s remuneration policies and practices for senior management;
• Preparing for the Board any report that may be required under applicable legal or regulatory requirements in relation to remuneration matters.
(b) Compensation is in each case taken as including not only monetary payments (salary and wages) but all other monetary and non-monetary emoluments and benefits including:
• Fringe benefits;
• Directors’ and officers’ and other insurance arrangements;
• Retirement benefits;
• Superannuation; and
• Equity participation, and other incentive programs;

Powers
The Committee has an advisory role, consistent with its purpose of assisting the Board in relation to the matters with which it is charged with responsibility.

Proceedings
(b) Meetings are held at least once per annum and more often as required.
(b) Representatives of management and other employed personnel may be invited to attend meetings, or specific parts of meetings, at the discretion of the Committee.

Composition and Structure
The Compensation Committee consists of two Directors and the Company Secretary with the non-executive director being the Chairman.